Posted by: Randall Niles | October 1, 2010

Great Pyramid of Giza

Sorry for my tardy post, but I just returned from a great couple weeks in Egypt. I traveled from Aswan in the South to Alexandria in the North, viewing incredible archaeological treasures from places such as Elephantine, Philae, Edfu, Kom Ombo, Luxor, Karnak, Valley of the Kings, Memphis, Saakara, and Giza. Although the scrawl and pollution of Cairo has now reached the Giza Plateau, the Pyramids of Giza are still an awesome site…

The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the only ancient wonder of the world still standing. Because of its immense size, chambered design and perfect dimensions, many scholars have developed remarkable theories about its true origin and purpose.

The most popular theory is that the Great Pyramid served as a huge tomb for an ancient pharaoh of Egypt. In fact, most pyramids throughout Egypt were constructed for that purpose. However, there is now plenty of evidence to show that the Great Pyramid was a unique structure, not intended to be a traditional tomb.

The dimensions of the Great Pyramid reveal incredible mathematical insights. The architect possessed knowledge way ahead of his time. In fact, we now know that the Great Pyramid solves one of humanity’s most difficult mathematical challenges – the squaring of the circle. When the radius of a circle equals the height of the pyramid, then the circumference of that circle equals the perimeter of the pyramid’s base. Indeed, twice the height of the Great Pyramid, divided into the distance around its base, equals nearly perfect pi. Mankind has only recently been able to calculate pi to this level of mathematical accuracy!

The length of each side of the Great Pyramid’s base is 365.2422 Royal Egyptian cubits (“pyramid cubits”). Amazingly, our astronomical year has a mean length of 365.2422454 solar days. Also, the perimeter of the base of the Great Pyramid is 36524.22 “pyramid inches,” the length of 100 years expressed in days. Calculations of such accuracy weren’t known in mainstream mathematics until the 20th century. Many additional proportional phenomena and mathematical mysteries related to the Great Pyramid have been identified, proposed and/or studied. Clearly, this is a remarkable ancient structure.

Just as instructions were given to Moses for assembling the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant, is it possible that God delivered perfect instructions for erecting the Great Pyramid? The biblical texts reveal ideal dimensions delivered to Noah for the ark and precise proportions delivered to David for the Jewish Temple — Like other symbols throughout the ancient scriptures, is it possible that the Great Pyramid might serve some testimonial purpose for God?

In the 8th century BC, the prophet Isaiah was speaking of the “end times” when he declared:

“In that day there will be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to the Lord at its border” (Isaiah 19:19).

Indeed, two Egypts are mentioned in the Bible – Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. When the text is focused on the one unified Egypt, the Hebrew word Mazor is used. However, when Upper and Lower Egypt are referenced, as in Isaiah’s scripture, the text uses the Hebrew word Mizraim – “two Egypts.”

The Great Pyramid of Giza is located in the middle of ancient Egypt, on the “boundary” between the “two Egypts.” In fact, Giza is Arabic for “border.” Amazingly, the Great Pyramid is a pillar on the border between these two Egypts, while also “in their midst” (the Hebrew word is betoch, meaning “between” or “within”).

The prophecy of Isaiah continues:

“And it will be for a sign and for a witness to the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt; for they will cry to the Lord because of the oppressors, and He will send them a Savior and a Mighty One, and He will deliver them” (Isaiah 19:20).

Throughout the ancient scriptures, Christ Jesus is compared to the chief cornerstone of a structure. Usually, the cornerstone is at the foundation of a building; however, with a pyramid, the cornerstone is at the top – the “capstone.”

Isaiah 28:16 refers to Christ as the “precious cornerstone.” Zechariah 4:7 refers to God’s future placement of a stone at the top of his completed structure – “Then he will bring out the capstone to shouts of ‘God bless it! God bless it!'”

David also refers to the Lord in connection with a future “capstone” —

“The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the LORD has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes” (Psalms 118:22-23).

Remarkably, Jesus Christ applied this same prophecy to himself, showing that he was the “rejected stone.” Israel rejected him as Messiah under the leadership of the Pharisees and religious teachers, so Jesus used David’s Psalm to make his dramatic point before the crowds (Matthew 21:42-44).

Later, in one of Peter’s great sermons to the Jewish people, he returns to this same prophecy when speaking about the truth of Jesus Christ:

“He is ‘the stone you builders rejected, which has become the capstone.’ Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:11-12).

Today, it’s very interesting to note that the Great Pyramid of Giza has no capstone. In fact, there’s no historical record of any capstone ever being seen on the Great Pyramid. Something to think about as we push ahead to “that day…”

Just Thinking,

Randall Niles


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