In 1831, William Paley argued that God’s existence could be inferred from the designs seen in biology. He said that if one were to come upon a watch lying on the ground, one would not assume that it was the product of nature. It must have been designed by an intelligent being. Likewise, Paley argued that the designs seen in biology must be the result of intelligent design.
Within a few years, David Hume, and to some extent, Charles Darwin, had successfully invalidated Paley’s biological “machine” analogy because, at that point in time, science was only guessing at what existed at the molecular level. There was no evidence of so-called biological machines — cells were merely blobs of protoplasm, little black boxes that somehow performed organic functions in an unseen world.
OK, let’s revisit that argument today…
Over 180 years later, we now have electron-scanning microscopes, x-ray crystallography, and computer modelling systems — miraculous tools that have opened the black box of the cell! In fact, 21st century technology is revealing new boxes within recently-unlocked boxes, exposing, as Dr. Michael Behe says, “an unanticipated Lilliputian world” of enormous complexity that’s pushed modern, naturalistic science to a breaking point.
Remarkably, we’ve now established that each microscopic cell is not only as well-designed as Paley’s watch, but more functionally complex than an entire modern city!